Traffic rules and regulations in Nigeria issued by FRSC


Posted by: Hassana Obi

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To ensure your own safety and traffic flow, you had better grasp basic traffic rules and regulations in Nigeria which will be presented in the post below. Check it out now!

1. Must-know road safety rules

These are not official road safety rules written in a government document but they must be followed whenever you’re on road to ensure you and your vehicles against unwanted losses.

As you may get from daily reports, the number of driving accidents is on the exponential rise, mostly due to the lack of attention and knowledge about meanings of traffic laws in Nigeria among traffic participants. Causes of road accidents in Nigeria also lie in the limited road infrastructures and poorly-maintained vehicles throughout the country.

Follow this guy to see how people in Lagos travel daily!

Should you follow these simple rules below, the risk of involving in a traffic collision is surely minimized.

  • Keep loyal to your side: Stick to the right side of the road and allow other vehicles in the opposite direction to pass through. Don’t drive in the middle of the street then be a victim of a tragic head-on accident!
  • Keep calm and handle all turns and roundabouts: Needless to say, you have to slow down when approaching sharp turns or bends to avoid abrupt reactions if have.
  • Pay attention to traffic jams: As the volume of vehicles during a traffic congestion is enormous, move slowly and carefully steer your wheels through the crowd.

traffic jam in Lagos

Double your notice during traffic congestion

  • Never exceed the speed limit: Everything exists for a reason, so does the speed limit. Check the regulation for speed limit in each type of route then conform to it. You don’t want to be arrested either by police or Grim Reaper, right?

>>> Driving a vehicle without a speed limiting device is subject to N50,000 fine. Check out Speed limiting device prices in Nigeria & list of accredited vendors

  • Keep a safe distance: With all vehicles around you, to be more exact. Most side or rear-end collisions happen as the safe distance between 2 vehicles is not maintained.
  • Memorize and adhere to road signs: This is of course a must for all. Check out all types of road signs and their meanings in Nigeria. It won’t take you more than 10 minutes to understand them all.

different road symbols

Do you know how many traffic signs are there?

2. Important traffic rules and regulations, consequences of disobeying them

Unlike spoken rules above, the following is important documented traffic rules and regulations by Federal Road Safety Corps, which means you will be arrested immediately when violating. Further consequences of disobeying traffic rules and regulations are severe fine or even sentences.

According to the FRSC, every road user ranging from pedestrian, cyclist, motorist, motorcyclist, passengers and even animals travelling on roads must grab the implication of all Nigeria road signs and avoid the set of offences below:

an overloaded truck

What if this overloading truck travels on a Lagos street?

Vehicle-related offences:

- Drive a vehicle without a valid learner's permit; driver's license or any other permit required by law

- Drive a vehicle without a valid vehicle license of identification mark being displayed

- Drive a vehicle, a two or three wheel cycle on any road in a reckless or negligent manner that will be dangerous to other road users.

- Drive a vehicle or motorcycle with forged vehicle papers

- Drive a vehicle or motorcycle under the influence of drugs or alcohol

- Drive a vehicle or motorcycle or any mechanically propelled engine that would result in the damage to any public presence, street light, traffic lights, road signs etc.

- Drive a vehicle with projected load

- Drive a vehicle with damaged or shattered windscreen

- Drive a vehicle with worn tyres or without spare tyre

- Drive a vehicle that is mechanically deficient

- Drive a vehicle without fire extinguisher

- Drive a vehicle that emits excessive smoke

- Drive a commercial vehicle without a passenger manifest

- Drive a double-decker bus in Nigeria

a red double-decker bus

Driving a double-decker is not allowed in the country

Road signal disobedience:

- Remove from a vehicle, the sign, "Do not move"

- Disobey traffic light signals

- Disobey or disregard road signs or pavement markings

- Be on any road without any lights or faulty lights, signs or reflectors or wrongful use of signals

- Use a restricted road where it is marked "one way" or "no entry"

- Disobey speed-limits erected at road construction areas or any other road

- Fail to use your headlight s during inclement weather

- Fail to signal when changing lanes, making a turn or pulling in front of another vehicle

Marshal-related offences:

- Obstruct a marshal in the performance of his duty

- Assault a marshal on duty

- Corrupt a marshal on duty

Nigerian marshals at work

Always show respect to marshals on duty

Wrongful driving pattern:

- Engage in any act of commission or omission by motorists which may constitute hazard to other road users

- Overtake another vehicle wrongfully

- Smoke or eat while driving

- Ride a motorcycle without a crash helmet properly strapped to the head and fastened under the chin

- Drive with one hand

- Use your GSM phone while driving

- Driver under 18 years of age

- Fail to use belts while driving

motorcycles in Nigeria

Safety device as belt or helmet is a must

Other offences:

- Use a road that is under construction

- Fail to move over to the slow lane to free up traffic flow

- Uncover gravel or other unstable materials with tarpaulin or strong plastics to stop it spilling on the road

- Cover number plates at the front and rear sides the vehicle

- Load a vehicle above the weight or number of passengers required by law

- Fail to report at designated place by a traffic offender

- Ply the road by commercial drivers and conductors without badges

- Ply the road without side and inner rear mirrors

- Fail to properly secure under-aged children in an approved school safety seat or booster seat

- Travel in a bed of a pick-up truck by any person

- Fail to pay any prescribed fine or other fees under the law

- Provide incorrect address under the law

- Reject accident victims by hospital medical personnel

- Obstruct any section of the road with vehicles or in any other way that may affect free flow of traffic

(Extracted from 510(4) of the FRSC Act, 2007 establishment)

2 Nigerian medical personnel on job

Lend in-need a hand, especially on the request from medical personnel

3. Last reminder on the utmost importance of traffic rules

What is traffic rules? – Is it something imposed by the government and you must obey regardless of your agreement? Many may say it’s the matter of authorities to manage traffic issues and you may have the right to follow these regulations or not because it’s your freedom. Think again! It’s all about your own safety and properties.

Imagine a chaotic street with each traveler following random driving patterns, how many accidents may occur per day? And do you feel annoyed when everything just falls out of control?

So, not only the authorities but roles of individuals in maintaining traffic regulations in Nigeria are of great significance. Being aware of essential road safety rules like different traffic light signs or regulatory road signs in Nigeria is both your right and responsibility. Know how to protect the law, you’re saving your life and others too. 

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Hassana Obi
Hassana Obi

Hassana Obi

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Hassana Obi is an automobile writer and editor at She prides herself on hundreds of informative and entertaining articles on Nigerian traffic regulations, car prices and celebrity car collections. When Hassana is not writing, she is a teacher and philanthropist.

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