A road does not need an in-depth explanation; everyone knows it as it is everywhere. To step out and into your house, you will need to pass through a road. The vehicle you drive or board passes through a road.
Roads and vehicles complement each other. Roads are created so that vehicles can move smoothly. Without good roads, the transportation of people and goods will be a problem. As a matter of fact, one of the things that bring about development in a society is the availability of good roads. In the presence of good roads, business activities will thrive as goods will be supplied, and people can come buy them from different places. But do you know that all roads are not the same? Roads are classified into different categories based on their uses. In this piece, Naijauto will explain the various types of roads in Nigeria.
There are several types of roads in Nigeria. They include: private drive pathways, two-lane highways, dual carriageways, expressway, federal, state and district.
1. Private drive pathways
As the name implies, this kind of road is privately owned. The ownership is by individuals or organizations, and not the government. Of their property, these individuals incur the cost of constructing and maintaining such roads. The government has no part to play in ensuring that private roads are up and running. Owners of private roads have the right to restrict public movements on such roads.
Private drive pathways often lead to private properties
Private roads are mainly created by individuals or organizations to open up their locations to other parts of the city, so that people can have access to them.
2. Two-lane highways
This kind of road is very popular in Nigeria. This is an expressway that has a single lane on each direction. A median barrier is not present to demarcate the road. Two-lane highways could be constructed in their form as a result of constraints experienced at the initial stage. Sometimes, there may be plans to expand them later on if traffic on the road increases.
Two-lane highways in Nigeria are not so spacious
Two-lane highways are not always very spacious. Motorists are required to drive with caution in order not to go off the road as doing this could lead to a collision with other vehicles that are close by.
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3. Dual carriageways
Dual carriageways are referred to as Divided highway in America. It basically has carriageways in place for cars moving in opposite directions. In terms of safety, dual carriageways are very good as they largely reduce chances of road accidents much more than roads with a single carriageway. This class of road is designed with higher standards, and offers motorists higher speed limits. Cars are able to move freely due to the plenty of space at their disposal.
Dual carriageways are have barricades in between
4. Expressway/ Highway
An expressway may also be referred to as Controlled-access highway. It is the highest highway grade obtainable. Expressways are designed for uninterrupted movement. Cars are able to move at very high speeds due to the limited number of people moving around the road on foot.
Expressways are of the highest road standards
A typical expressway has very little or no pedestrians trying to cross the road directly. To ensure human safety, pedestrian bridges are constructed on expressways so people can cross to the other end of the road without getting in between cars.
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5. Federal roads
Federal roads are constructed, owned and maintained by the federal government of the nation. In Nigeria, the federal government plays a major role in the construction of roads across the country. As a result of this, there is a high number of federal roads spread all over the country.
Federal roads are instrumental for movement between states. Citizens and residents of the country are able to move from one state to another via road by simply connecting the different federal roads. A federal road brings about economic development in the country as people in different states are able to transact businesses by going for work-related activities and transporting their goods.
Federal roads are constructed, owned and maintained by the federal government of the nation
6. State roads
As the name implies, state roads are constructed, owned and maintained by the state government. While the federal government ensures that people in different states are able to connect with each other via road, it cannot go to the nook and crannies of every state to create connecting roads. This is where the state government comes in.
The government of a state ensures that road networks are created between various cities and towns. This creates opportunities for economic development as people are able to carry out legitimate businesses of different categories.
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State roads are simply the roads constructed by the state's fund
7. District roads
District roads are the pathways to certain areas in the community that would ordinarily be hidden or isolated from major activities. District roads connect market areas and commercial centers to each other as well as federal roads. Activities between districts are kept running as a result of the accessibility created by such roads.
District roads often lead to hidden areas