Chinese spacecraft Chang’e-4 programmed for a journey of 110 hours and 238,555 miles (approximately 384,400 km) to the Moon was successfully launched from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center earlier December, partly completing the mission of Chinese Space Agency (CNSA) to make China the country have the first rover to land on the dark side of the Moon. Here Naijauto.com informs you of this event.
The launching of Chang’e 4 spacecraft in Sichuan province, China
The Moon's far side or dark side refers to the side which never faces the Earth. Despite the fact that it is an intriguing zone, leading aerospace agencies still hesitate to settle their rovers there. Previously, Russia launched the Soviet Lunar 3 in 1959 with the only mission to take grainy photos in that area while the Ranger spacecraft of NASA, U.S. did flyovers only.
The dark side or far side of the Moon never faces our planet
China's spacecraft Chang’e 3 has settled on the near side of the Moon in 2013, and if the Chang’e 4 is successfully launched, it’ll be the second.
The near side of the Moon always faces the Earth. That is the region where NASA landed their manned and unmanned spacecraft during between1959 to 1972.
South Pole-Aitken Basin will be the destination of Chang’e 4 as getting to the Moon’s dark side in January. Researchers believe that the development and history of the moon would be revealed with the help of this satellite in discovering its ancient meteorite crater.
Besides, the rover brings potato and seeds of the Arabidopsis plant locked off in the mini biosphere for the observation of biologists. They will observe the plants’ breathing and using photosynthesis on the Moon.
The Chang'e 3 has settled on the near side of the Moon since 2013
Potato and plant deeds would be carried to the Moon for observation of Chinese biologists
According to Xie Gengxin, the leader of experiment designer team:
We have to keep the temperature in the mini biosphere within a range from 1 degree to 30 degrees, and properly control the humidity and nutrition”
“We will use a tube to direct the natural light on the surface of Moon into the tin to make the plants grow.
Source: China Ministry of Defense
The ‘Queqiao’ relay satellite launched in this May will take responsibility for all the communications between the spacecraft and CNSA. The S-band antenna will function as a transmitter of telemetry to the Earth, while the rover and lander will communicate through the X-band data.
Also, an artificial moon is on China’s plan to be launched into orbit in 2020 for illuminating the Chengdu city at night through the reflection of the sunlight, which means no more streetlamps are in need as well. Approximately 1.2 billion yuan (~₦62 billion) of early electricity costs for Chengdu can be saved if the invent succeeds.
Video: China launches lunar probe to land moon’s far side
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