Although almost everyone drives or is driven in a car on daily basis, most people do not know the basic car parts names and their functions. For an average person, a car is just a piece of metal on four wheels for getting around. In actuality, a car is more than just metal and wheels.
A car is made up of several component parts that work together to deliver power and eventual mobility to the car. In this article, Naijauto.com will discuss the basic car parts and their individual functions. But before that, lets's have an overview of the parts of a car below.
Illustration of car parts on Audi (Photo credit: Audi AG)
|0||rear window/ backlight|
|1||number plate/ license plate|
|4||stop light/ brake light|
|5||reversing/ back-up light|
|6||front wheel/ front tyre/ front tire|
|7||side mirror/ side-view mirror/ outside rear-view mirror|
A single car is made up of about 30,000 parts that function together to help the car move. However, this post will focus only on the basic and very essential car parts names and their functions.
Basically, the engine is the heart of the car. It is by far the most important part of any automobile, for without it, a car cannot move. An engine is made up of blocks, head, pistons and valves. Fuel enters the engine where it is combusted in the presence of air to produce an air-fuel mixture that helps to move the car.
The engine is, of course, the most important part of a car
The battery provides the electricity needed to power all the electrical components of a car. Even with the engine in good condition, without the battery, the car won’t run.
>>> For your reference: How to charge a car battery: step-by-step guide & tips
A car battery is often compared with the heart of human beings
The alternator is a functional part of a car that generates power for the electrical components of a car. What it does in actuality is to charge the battery of a car which then provides the electricity needed to power the car accessories such as radio, headlights, brake lights and other electrical parts of a car such as door locks and power windows.
This is where a car alternator locates under the hood
Given that a car engine is basically made up of metal grinding against metal, the engine is usually hot. The radiator functions to cool down the amount of heat generated by the car engine during the course of its operation. The radiator is usually located in the front of the engine compartment. Other component parts that work together with the radiator to keep the car engine cool include the thermostat, water pump and hoses.
The car radiator is to cool down the car engine
5. Ignition system
A car ignition system is made up of spark plugs, distributor, ignition wires and coils. The ignition system brings about the fuel combustion which occurs in the presence of air.
>>> A common problem many drivers have encountered: Key won't enter ignition? - Causes and Solutions
Without the ignition, your car won't start
A car suspension functions to foster friction between the car tyres and the road. It helps to give the steering more stability.
You can see a suspension system here when separated from the car body
The transmission is a gear system comprising of gears and gear trains which work together with the engine’s torque to change the gear and power of the car.
>>> Do you notice? P-R-I-N-D-L on automatic gear shift, what does it mean?
An automatic transmission gearshift
The chasis is the frame work of the car upon which the other car parts are screwed unto.
The chassis forms the basic shape of your car
The muffler is a series of chambers enclosed in a metal container which functions to silence the noise produced by the car engine. The muffler contributes to a quiet riding experience in a car.
Car muffler belongs to car exhaust system
The function of the brakes is to slow down and to bring the car to a total halt as the need might be. A brake is made up of different components such as disk and drum brakes, master cylinder, power booster, and anti-lock brakes. Brakes are found on all four wheels of a car and are the primary safety feature of every car.
Any problem with car brake system should be fixed immediately
11. Catalytic converter
It is the catalytic converter that controls gas emissions from the car. It functions by converting harmful gases into less harmful ones before they are emitted into the environment.
Car catalytic converter serves as an environment protector
12. Fuel tank
The fuel tank is the storage part of the car. It stores the petrol that powers the car. It is usually located in safe area where it cannot be mangled during a crash.
>>> You should be aware of this: What is the cause of car fire explosions?
The car fuel tank must be kept safe in case of a crash
13. Exhaust pipe
The exhaust pipe is the part of the car exhaust system that carries exhaust fumes from the muffler to the outside.
You can easily locate a car exhaust pipe
You’ve come to the end of this article highlighting basic Car parts names and their functions.